Ebola Outbreak History and Statistics

The current Ebola outbreak has largely affected the countries of West Africa and has resulted in more than 1,400 deaths. Efforts are being made by national and international organizations to contain the spread of this epidemic.

The Ebola outbreak currently affecting West African countries Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Nigeria is the deadliest Ebola outbreak to have hit the continent. It is the first outbreak of such magnitude in the western part of Africa which is why the CDC has immediately mobilized the (EOC) Emergency Operations Center in a bid to manage this outbreak and work with other partners like the World Health Organization, the U.S. government and other national and international bodies and organizations. The CDC has initiated a global response to this Ebola outbreak to control the spread of this disease.

CDC has sent many experts of this disease and teams of trained healthcare professionals to the countries suffering from this outbreak and intends to send more teams to West Africa to bolster the health relief efforts.

Where Did Ebola Outbreak Start?

Discovered in 1976, Ebola was thought to be caused by eating gorilla meat. However, studies have shown that this is not the case, as primates that get infected with this virus have a higher chance of dying as compared to humans.

Researchers have discovered that the Ebola virus originates in bats and spreads to the humans and gorillas if they eat food which is contaminated by bat feces or their drool. The virus also spreads if people touch their mouths or eyes after having touched surfaces that had bat droppings present on them.

The Ebola Outbreak of 2014

Doctors Without Borders reports that a village located in the vicinity of Guéckédou in Guinea is being touted as the starting point of the 2014 Ebola outbreak, where bats are found in a large number.

According to the World Health Organization, the current Ebola outbreak that started in December last year in West Africa has claimed more than 1,200 lives till now.

The New York Times reports that from 14th August to 16th August, 84 people lost their lives to the Ebola virus. The U.N. healthy agency’s reports say that up until now an estimated 2,200 people have been affected by the Ebola virus.

Liberia, Sierra Leone and the Guinea are the countries that have been the hardest hit by the current Ebola outbreak and the governments there have been trying to curb the spread of the virus.

As of August 16, 2014

The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Liberia, the Guinean Ministry of Health, the Nigerian Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Health and Sanitation of Sierra Leone in collaboration with local and foreign organizations are trying to inspect and contain this outbreak.

Countries

Cases and Deaths

Guinea

543 cases of EVD or Ebola virus disease have been identified in the country by the Guinea Ministry of Health out of which 396 have been confirmed by laboratory tests. The number of fatalities reported is 394.

Liberia

834 cases of EVD have been identified in the country by the WHO and the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Liberia out of which 200 have been confirmed by laboratory tests. The number of fatalities reported is 466.

Nigeria

 

15 cases of EVD have been identified in the country by the WHO and the Nigerian Ministry of Health out of which 12 have been confirmed by laboratory tests. The number of deaths reported is 4.

Sierra Leone

 

848 cases of EVD have been identified in the country by the WHO and the Ministry of Health and Sanitation of Sierra Leone out of which 775 have been confirmed by laboratory tests. The number of deaths reported is 365.

Where Is the Ebola Outbreak?

According to the statistics released by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the U.S. Department of State, the Ebola outbreak has affected the city of Guéckédou in Guinea, large parts of Sierra Leone including Free Town, Monrovia in Liberia and Nigeria.

Ebola Virus Outbreak 2014: A Village Devastated | The New York Times

Is It Possible to Have an Ebola Outbreak in the U.S?

Even though a couple of American health aid workers contracted the Ebola virus during their stay in the affected countries of West Africa, experts believe that there is slim chance of an Ebola outbreak occurring in the U.S. The workers are currently being kept in a containment unit in an Atlanta hospital which has been designed for patients carrying infectious diseases. 

Up until now, no case of Ebola has been reported in the United States. To prevent chances of an Ebola outbreak, the doctors have been advised to investigate the travel history of patients that are suffering from fever and to screen those who had recently returned from West Africa. In the event of an infected person brining the virus into the country, experts believe that the stringent measures undertaken for control of infectious diseases will ensure its containment.   

It has been observed that the speed at which Ebola virus spreads is not that high contrary to what we have seen in many Hollywood movies based on the subject of contagious diseases. Back in 2008, a patient carrying Marburg virus, which is similar to Ebola, could have infected at least 200 people before she had been diagnosed but nothing happened.

An Overview of Past Ebola Outbreak

The current Ebola outbreak is the severest one in history overshadowing the outbreak that occurred in 1976.

Year and Place

Severity

Infected Cases

Death Toll

1976 in Sudan and Congo

High

602

431

1995 in Congo

Medium

315

254

2000 in Uganda

Medium

425

224

2002 in Gabon and Congo

Low

96

96

2003 in Congo

Low

143

128

2007 in Uganda and Congo

Medium

413

224

2014 in Guinea, Nigeria, Liberia and Sierra Leone

Highest

2,615

(As of 20, August)

1,427

(As of 20, August)

Why Is It Difficult to Contain Ebola Outbreak?

How Ebola Virus Transmits

  • Humans contract the Ebola virus by coming in contact with body fluids and blood of animals that have been infected by the virus. Caring for sick gorillas, monkeys, chimpanzees, porcupines, fruits bats and forest antelope carrying in the virus is the number cause of infection in Africa.  
  • Ebola virus is transmitted from one person to another due to direct contact with the infected person’s body fluids and blood either through mucous membrane or skin. Ebola can be transmitted through the semen of the infected person even after he has recovered from the illness. People can contract Ebola virus by coming in contact with the dead bodies of the victims of the virus as well. 
  • Health aid workers who do not make use of proper safety equipment can get infected with the virus while taking care of EVD patients as they come in close contact with them.

Doctors Without Borders report that the efforts being made to contain the outbreak are unable to keep pace with the epidemic and the governments of the affected countries are having a hard time in controlling it.  

People in remote areas of West Africa believe that they can get infected with the virus just by saying its name. It is because of this mentality that doctors are having a hard time in containing the virus. People are blaming the doctors for the outbreak of Ebola as well since they have been found to be responsible for spreading the virus by not using necessary safety equipment when treating Ebola patients in the past.  

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How Do You Get Ebola?

Research has confirmed that Ebola is only passed on through direct contact of bodily fluids. Can it transfer through air? Find out the detailed answer to: how does one get Ebola?


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